The fresh Chinle Development in the PEFO is starting to become really-old because of the higher-reliability U–Pb zircon decades and you may magnetostratigraphy, showing that whole development in this field was Norian-Rhaetian inside many years (Kent ainsi que al., 2018 , 2019 ; Ramezani mais aussi al., 2011 ; Rasmussen ainsi que al., 2020 ). R. callenderi happens in the brand new uppermost Blue Mesa Representative compliment of center Petrified Tree User at the PEFO, that have a numerical age range away from
Zero specimens monitor one signs of scavenging conclusion
218.5–210 Ma (middle-later Norian; Rasmussen mais aussi al., 2020 ). There clearly was certain uncertainty regarding the age the low area of your Sonsela User according to the age design picked (Rasmussen et al., 2020 ) but this won’t affect the age the original or last events away from Roentgen. callenderi during the PEFO.
Countless areas of R. callenderi was in fact amassed out-of PFV 297, ranging from damaged isolated skeleton in order to partly articulated skeletons. , 2007 ). The brand new specimens were all the recovered from vista from inside the a beneficial greenish-grey mudstone (“bluish sites” regarding Loughney mais aussi al., 2011 ) that is next to a funnel facies of your Coated Wilderness Sandstone step 3 (Parker et al., 2005 ), and this probably depict levee deposits about proximal portion of the floodplain (T. Demko, private interaction, ). Other vertebrate localities on Petrified Tree Representative exists contained in this comparable drab-coloured bedrooms that happen to be interpreted due to the fact representing defectively drained paleosols during the quit route fill which were at the very least seasonally liquid-soaked (Loughney mais aussi al., 2011 ; Therrien & Fastovsky, 2000 ). Monodominant assemblages aren’t take place in wetland facies (elizabeth.grams., overbank wetland/limited pond) which have low transport and you will reworking prospective (Eberth ainsi que al., 2007 ), referring to consistent with the interpretation of the depositional ecosystem regarding “blue internet” off Loughney mais aussi al. ( 2011 ). The current presence of traditional equisetalean flowers (e.g., PEFO 41412) regarding quarry including helps which interpretation. Inside quite a few of specimens out-of PFV 297 and you can PFV 414, the interior rooms of your own limbs was permineralized because of the calcite spar, and perhaps, the new bones are overgrown by a thinner calcite spar covering. Many factors has been through slight synthetic deformation and weak deformation since the confirmed of the fracturing and you will displacement during the specimens regarding enough time bones. If you don’t surface bones preservation is superb, sustaining okay outside facts (age.g., strength scars) in several specimens, particularly in PEFO 34561.
The first question off PFV 297 is located in early 2004 and you may gathered mostly once the body “float” you to eroded from the fossiliferous opinions beautifulpeople hack, which have one in-situ articulated sample that have a limited head (PEFO 33787). Matters off best ilia, right femora, and you will kept frontals indicated the latest preservation regarding no less than four people (Parker et al., 2005 ). Then excavation out-of in the-situ specimens consisted of many separated points also four related skeletons (PEFO 34269; PEFO 34561; PEFO 36875; PEFO 36876). PEFO 34561 means as much as 90% of men and women while offering the dysfunction considering below. PEFO 36875 and has now a whole and you can mostly articulated head also just like the a partly articulated postcranial skeleton. A keen articulated head (PEFO 38609) and another bones was basically gathered inside 2015 (PEFO 42442/UWBM 116869) away from PFV 414; PEFO 42442/UWBM 116869 saves the newest spinal column and you can carapace of the trunk area for the partial articulation, also a complete, however, flattened, skull. These skeletons exist as relatively isolated density of bones out-of solitary anybody age bed linen jet of the typically 1–dos meters. With her all of the point of PFV 297 and you may PFV 414 represents no less than several someone considering femora matters. Mukherjee and you can Beam ( 2012 ) discussed the same taphonomic function to own a beneficial rhynchosaur-controlled bonebed on the Higher Triassic Tiki Creation off India. As with the latest Indian assemblage, it is probable at the PFV 297 and you may PFV 414, with the fine-grained sediments plus-situ equisitaleans, that softer-structure decomposition during the shallow-water breadth and you can next weathering techniques disarticulated the folks from Roentgen. callenderi. This type of skeletons was later on exposed to partial dispersal because of the low-energy fluvial agents and eventually burial inside the floodplain places (Mukherjee & Ray, 2012 ). The latest rarity from small issue such as for example gastralia and you will chevrons from inside the if you don’t almost done specimens, together with presence off remote head, girdle, and you will limb bones of the same taxon, supporting so it latter dispersal enjoy (Mukherjee & Beam, 2012 ).